The first sea change for every organization is the way we organize work. The startup asks this question of every new team member. “What do you do well, where can you help us?”
“I can do this and I can do that.”
“Great, because we have some of this and some of that for you to do.”
We always start off organizing the work around the people. People with special talents get special work, others not so much.
Is there work left over? There is always work left over. It doesn’t take long for the founder to understand we can no longer organize the work around the people. We have to organize the people around the work. And, that is the first sea change for every organization, the emergence of roles.